Osteoarthritis pain - a sign of many dangerous diseases

27-04-2021 1119

Osteoarthritis is a disease mainly encountered in the middle-aged, the elderly, the hardworking, overactive people. The pain is not just due to changes in weather, sitting, wrong posture ... but also can be a warning sign of dangerous bone and joint diseases that need to be detected early to prevent. risk of disability.

Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis can be caused by many diseases, but osteoarthritis is currently the most common disease. The disease is characterized by damage to joint cartilage and bones under cartilage.

To distinguish osteoarthritis pain caused by osteoarthritis from other osteoarthritis, often based on the characteristics of the pain, that is, with osteoarthritis, the pain usually increases with every movement of the joint and decreases with rest. . Every time the weather changes, especially it is cold, the pain will get worse. In addition, stiffness appears every morning after waking up, but returns to normal after a few minutes of exercise. The more severely damaged cartilage and bone is, the more painful or stiff the joint feels, which limits movement, deformation of the joints, and even the risk of disability.

Most joints can be degenerative, but more common in the knee, hip joint, lumbar spine, neck spine, hand, finger, foot, and heel joint.

Rheumatoid arthritis
In addition to osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis pain may be a sign of rheumatoid arthritis. This is a chronic joint disease related to the body's immune system. If it is not treated early and promptly, the disease will destroy joint cartilage and bones under cartilage, causing deformation of the joints, and loss of the ability to work. , increasing the risk of disability.

With rheumatoid arthritis, pain usually occurs in many small and symmetrical joints such as pain in both knees, two fingers in the same position in both hands, accompanied by swelling, hot, red. In addition, there are manifestations of stiffness, difficulty moving joints every morning after waking up and lasting for hours, and also manifestations of the whole body such as fatigue, pallor, weight loss, fever.

Gout
People with gout also manifest pain in the joints because this is a disease caused by disorders of the metabolism of purines in the body caused when the body has an excess of protein. The disease usually causes soreness, swelling, heat, redness in one or more joints, most commonly the toe, ankle, pillow, and hand joints, the pain usually occurs at night, the intensity of pain gradually increases to the point where the patient cannot tolerate it, which may be accompanied by high fever, headache, fatigue.

When the gout progresses to a chronic stage, the joints can be permanently deformed, tumors grow around the joints, the earlobes, under the skin, swelling on the hands and feet.

Osteoporosis
In people with osteoporosis, osteoarthritis may present with pain and is described as pain in the bones. This is a nonspecific manifestation, so it is often ignored, making the disease worse and worse, and as a result, the bones weaken and easily fracture. So, if there are symptoms of pain at the ends of the bone or pain along the long bones such as: lumbar spine, thighs, pain like stinging all over the body and increasing at night, it is a sign of the condition. Osteoporosis. On the other hand, osteoporosis also shows signs of decreasing body height with pain in the lumbar region or spreading to one or two sides of the ribs, possibly accompanied by spasticity of muscles along the spine, muscle tremors when change positions.

Tuberculosis of the joints
Tuberculosis is a disease caused by tuberculosis bacteria, the bigger the joints, the more weight-bearing the bones are, the higher the risk of developing TB, most commonly the hip, spine and knee joints.

The joints that are attacked by the TB germ are usually mild or moderate pain and swollen but not hot, not red, making activities difficult, for example, if tuberculosis the hip can not stretch legs, tuberculosis The spine is unable to bend, bend, or recline ... over time, it can cause muscle atrophy, paralysis.


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